Polarization-maintaining fiber
Publish:Box Optronics  Time:2022-08-22  Views:182
Polarization maintaining fiber is to maintain the polarization state of the fundamental mode in the fiber. The most common method is to artificially introduce a large birefringence into the fiber, so that the propagation constants of the two fundamental modes are very different, so that the two fundamental modes are not easy to occur. Coupling to achieve polarization maintaining.
Currently the most widely used is the "Panda" type polarization maintaining fiber, which is a high birefringence fiber structure dominated by stress birefringence. The linear stress of the boron-doped layer is converted into a refractive index difference through the photoelastic effect, which causes a high Birefringence.

Polarization-maintaining fiber has two main transmission axes, called the fast axis and the slow axis of the fiber. The fast axis has a small refractive index and fast light transmission speed, and the slow axis has a large refractive index and slow light transmission speed. Accurate measurement of the time delay difference between the fast and slow axes is very meaningful for the evaluation of fiber preparation, optical device manufacturing and optical communication links. The use of optical frequency domain reflectometry (OFDR) and optical vector analyzer can achieve high-precision (±0.1ps) measurement of polarization maintaining The delay difference between the fast and slow axis of the optical fiber.
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